Lumpy Skin Disease is infectious viral disease especially seen on cattle causing sudden fever and nodules on skin which erupts and undergoes necrosis.
Besides cattles-LSD is also seen on Buffalo, Goat and Sheep. This disease doesn’t transmit on humans.
This disease is preventive if action is taken at early stage. Sometimes-It can be fatal causing the death of cattle.
In this article-we are going to discuss Lumpy Skin Disease -Diagnosis, Prevention And Treatment.
Causes Of Lumpy Skin Disease
LSD is caused by a virus called Lumpy Skin Disease Virus(LSDV) also known by its second name called Neethling Virus.
LSDV is actually a Pox Virus of family Poxviridae which falls under the Genus called Capripoxvirus.
This is the same genus which includes Virus affecting Sheep(Sheeppox) and Goat(Goatpox).
LSDV is host specific(Cattle Only) whereas Sheeppox and Goatpox are not host specific.
Extra Information Related To LSDV
But- Sheepox and Goatpox virus are less dangerous then LSD. LSD causes pain to cattle.
Origin Of Lumpy Skin Disease
This history of LSDV is long. This disease is supposed to be originated from Zambia in 1929.
During that time- Symptoms similar to LSD were seen on cattle. But- People don’t pay great attention towards it. They thought- It is all due to Insects bite and food poisoning.
Later- It starts seeing in other countries of Africa. South africa is greatly affected during end time of second world war. During that time-LSD affected nearly 8 million cattles causing great loss to agriculture and economy.
It starts affecting in different countries like Kenya, Somalia and During-1988- It was found in Egypt where it was clinically recognized as LSD.
In current time-LSD is started to seen in some part of Europe and Asia causing huge loss to livestock farming.
The spreading of this disease becomes rapid after 2012 due to virus favourable climatic condition.
LSD was first seen in India in 2019 and During the time of 2020- It has started spreading in Nepal at rapid pace.
This is all about History of Lumpy Skin Disease. Now- Lets learn about the symptoms and Treatment of LSD.