Multilayer farming can be scientifically defined as an integrated agricultural system in which we plant (4-5) different types of crops on same land and at same time which matures at different height and in different time.
Actually-It is a type of intercropping which is at growing trend these days.
Akash Chaurasia has develop the concept of multilayer farming. He started cultivating the crops by forming different layers and by the application of this technique he has proved of getting heck lot of higher production.
Many people confuses on multi tier, multi-storied and multilayer cropping system.All of them are same.
Before we start- We recommend you to have a look on article of success story of farmer from India by doing multilayer farming. This story is covered in newspaper and that article is in picture below:-
Multilayer is made up of two words:-multi and layer. Multi means many and layer means strata of different height.
Thus- In Agriculture Multilayer Farming System means growing combination of different vegetables, pluses, flowers and fruits on same land which have different growth height and maturity time.
In multilayer farming-The crops grown have different germination time.So-They are sown at different depth of soil.
The first crop sown at deepest layer of soil should germinate less So that-The middle layer and Upper layer of soil can be utilized to grow early maturing crops.
Principles Of Multilayer Farming
Example Of Multilayer Farming
The Other crop combination which can be grown in multilayer farming is shown in following table:-
OBjectives Of Multilayer Farming
3.Harvesting of crops on regular basis all round the year.
4.Conservation of water along with increasing productivity.
Steps Of Making Multilayer Structure
◾Then, we have to buit a house like structure. We can use bamboo or other wooden pegs to make framework of the house. The frame of roof can be made with small bamboos and different grasses are spread over the roof. This will prevent direct sunlight.
◾It will be great if we cover the whole structure from all around. This can be done by the help of diffrent types of grasses.
The use of wooden pegs and grasses will drastically reduce the investment cost.
So, anyone can start doing multi-layer system of farming with low cost.
Note:- It will be great if we check the pH of the soil.(It is done at different labs. You have to provide the soil sample of your land and they will analyse the land PH. You have to pay some money for this test).
It will be great if the pH of soil is near to neutral. If it is too acidic or too alkaline the production will reduced severely.
Note:-For acidic soil, lime should be applied.
Growth Pattern Of Crops In Multilayer Farming
☑️The first crop grows and matures inside the soil. The time taken for the germination of deepest crop should be highest.
☑️The next crop should grow at the middle surface of soil and should germinate faster then deepest crop and slower than topmost crop.
☑️Next crop should matures at ground level height and it should grow and matures fastest if all othe crops leaving the space for other crops.
☑️ Final crop should matures at maximum height. Actually-It is fruit that grows for long time. This need to be grown at certain spaces and should be less in number.
Name Of Crops To Be Planted
|Layers||Name Of Crops|
|1st Layer||Ginger, Turmeric, Onion, Garlic, Yam, Sweet Potato, Potato|
|2nd Layer||Leafy Veggies, Fenugreek, Spinach, Corriander|
|3rd Layer||Chilli, Okra, Tomato, Brinjal|
|4th Layer||Cucumber, Bitter gourd, Ridge Gourd, Ash gourd, Pumpkin|
|5th Layer||Papaya, Banana, Coconut|
These plants are planted under certain structure. We have to made structure for multilayer farming before planting crops.
Crop Nature In Multilayer Farming
1.The crops which are planted underground should be deep rooted crop and shade loving.
2.The crops planted on surface should be leafy.
By planting these leafy plant we get a lot of benefits. The benefits are listed below:-
✓Leafy plants completely covers the ground, So, there is no enough space for weed to grow.
✓As these leafy crops completely covers the ground, the moisture content of soil is preserved and we don’t need to irrigate regularly.
✓These leafy crops are harvested as they start to grows. During harvesting, they are uprooted. Due to this, there is good aeration in soil.
3. The climbing plants should be staked properly for their growth and development. These climbing plants can reach up to roof structure. They should be properly managed with training.
These type of farming system needs good management practices as different crops are harvested at different times.
Some of the management practices to be done are:-
✔️There should be made proper provision of staking for climbing crops.
✔️The leafy crops growing on surface should be harvested in regular manner.
✔️There should be provision for insect traps within the structure.
Note:-insects trap can be made in home and can also be bought in market(eg:-feromen trap).
✔️Training of different crops can be done to make good space under the structure.
✔️Weak seedlings should be removed and trellis should be made for climbers.
✔️Too much irrigation can be harmful. So, proper irrigation should be done as this type of farming system preserves the moisture.
Benefits Of Multilayer Farming
🔹Some crops mature earlier than others. So we can generate income on regular basis. This helps to generate employment also.
🔹Multilayer farming relegates the needs of expensive poly-houses, the shade can be made with the help of local materials like bamboo and leafy grass. It decreases the investment cost by 4 times.
🔹This structure allows the right amount of sunlight reach to crops. Even in peak summer yield is very good.
🔹It also helps in conservation of water and moisture in soil. Multilayer farming system conserves about 70% of water.
🔹The amount of fertilizers equal for one plant in field farming is sufficient to 4 crops inside multilayer structure.
🔹One of the major benefits of this type of farming system is no effects of climate change. There has become own ecosystem under the structure.So, the crop production is not totally affected by outer factors.
🔹Multilayer farming system helps to eradicate the germination of weeds. This helps to increase the production.
🔹It helps in the optimum use of land for the Agricultural production. Those who have less amount of land can also produce large amount of Agricultural commodities.
🔹Multilayer farming helps to generate employment opportunities.
🔹Multilayer farming helps in effective control of pests and weeds reducing investment cost.
🔹There is less attack of pest and diseases in this farming system.
Multilayer system of cropping is sustainable method of farming that is cost effective and requires less labour.Therefore, people should be made aware of this type of farming system.
We know that many farmers in different countries are unwillingly killing themselves because they work hard in their land but they don’t get good production.
Farmers who are willing to do work are deprived of different resources like irrigation and good area of agricultural land.
In this scenario, they can be motivated to do multi-layer system of farming which can ultimately solves all these problem.
This system of farming can helps to uplift the economic condition of farmer. Government should give top priority for this kind of farming system.
Different kinds of programs can be conducted to provide information on multi-layer system of farming.
These type of farming system should be established in every corner of the country.
Frequently Asked Questions
1.Are Multilayer and Multi-tier cropping same?
➡️Yes, Both are same. Both are based on the concept of maximum utilization of land for production.
2.Can we start multilayer farming at home?
➡️Yes we can. We can’t make it on commercial way but for trial purpose we can select certain small land area and start cultivating different crops on same land. This can also work as kitchen garden.
3.Is Multilayer farming profitable?
➡️Yes- In multilayer farming we can income from many crops in same field. In general people plant one main crop in field and they have to wait to get production and earn money.But-In multilayer farming-one can get harvest all round the year and generate more income.
This is whole information on Multilayer Farming-Guide, Process And Benefits.
If you have any confusion-Ask in comments.
THANK YOU FOR VISITING US!!!😊
Jump To Sections
- 1 Multilayer Farming
- 2 Principles Of Multilayer Farming
- 3 Example Of Multilayer Farming
- 4 OBjectives Of Multilayer Farming
- 5 Steps Of Making Multilayer Structure
- 6 Growth Pattern Of Crops In Multilayer Farming
- 7 Name Of Crops To Be Planted
- 8 Crop Nature In Multilayer Farming
- 9 Management Practices
- 10 Benefits Of Multilayer Farming
- 11 Conclusion
- 12 Frequently Asked Questions