6 Steps Guide To Start Rooftop Farming

Rooftop Farming

Rooftop farming  is one of the excellent way of getting healthy food at our own home.

Rooftop farming sometimes called as terrace farming can be understood the process as growing Vegetables and fruits in roof of concrete building where there is less availability of land and space.

Eating healthy , fresh vegetables and fruits to maintain good health is main  desire of any man out there.

But, in this busy society where there is lack of time and land people aren’t able to maintain their healthy diet.

So, Isn’t it better option to grow our food by us. If we manage daily (1-2)hrs, Then we can grow our food by ourselves.

The easiest way to start our own kitchen garden is rooftop farming.

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Roof-Top Farming

What Is Rooftop Farming?

Rooftop Farming  is modern technique of growing different kinds of fresh  vegetables and fruits on roof of the  houses in order to fulfill basic needs of kitchen and live a healthier life.


It is applied in area where there is very less availability of land to start kitchen gardening. In cities, Large concrete building has got wider space in thier terrace. This wider vacant space can be utilised to start rooftop garden. 


The term rooftop/urban rooftop farming is getting its popularity more and more in 20th century. With increased use of chemicals in greed of earning more money has human immune system very weak and people are suffering from new diseases.

Objectives Of Rooftop Farming

Generally, Terrace Farming is established to utilise vacant space and leisure time. But, It can be done in wider level where whole city can follow the same technique in order to make it self sustainable in growing thier vegetables requirements.

In this situation, Farming in roof of the houses has got certain objectives. Some of them are listed below:-

👉Utilisation of time and space.

👉Making a healthier lifestyle.

👉Self sustainable for kitchen requirements.

👉More organic approach of farming and less use of chemicals.

👉Saving certain amount of money.

6 Steps To Start Rooftop Farming

Starting the rooftop farming  is not a big deal.The listed steps of rooftop farming will provide you the ultimate guide to clear your all confusion related to this topic.


We can start growing different kinds of vegetables within our roof at very less cost and with minimal effort by following these steps:-


🔶Step 1:-Selection Of Pots

The first thing you need to start rootop  farming are pots.  Pots are used to store growing medium such as soil and Cocopit.

We can buy different kinds of pots made from different materials in the market. Some of the most commonly available pots for rooftop gardening are:-

✓Plastic pots
✓Mud pots
✓Cement pots
✓Grow bags

Among these all, We recommend you to use pots made from mud. They are best in all climate no matter weather it is summer or winter.

If you don’t want to buy any of these pots from Market, Here- We have got an idea to make gardening pots from the materials available in our home.

We can use some of these materials instead of buying pots from Market:-

✓Oil containers

Don’t forget to make drainage hole in these materials for the optimum performance of your plant.


🔶Step 2:-Making Potting Mixture

After selecting number of pits, Its time to make growing medium.


For rooftop farming, we shouldn’t use heavy soil. Instead we should mix soil with other light materials because it will not create any overweight and pressure in our roof.


Here, We have provided the best combination of different materials which you can use for your rooftop kitchen garden.


➡️Garden soil:Compost:Cocopit=1:1:1
➡️Garden Soil:Compost:Sand=1:1:1


We can also add perlite in potting mixture to get good results. Perlite helps in excellent drainage and help to maintain pH which is very good for our rooftop plants.


Coco peat is fiber of coconut. It can bought from market. It is better to buy coco peat brick which can be used for longer time. Coco peat is light weighted and got good aeration and drainage. This can be mixed with soil to use as a potting mixture.


Before filling potting mixture inside the pots, we should make holes in the base of containers and we should cover those holes with stones or pebbles.


These holes acts as drainage system and stones or pebbles don’t let soil to drain out of containers.


We shouldn’t fill the pot fully. There should be gap of (1-2) inch at top. This will conserve soil during irrigation.


🔶Step 3:- Vegetables For Rooftop Farming

Once we fill up the containers with potting mixture. We are ready to sow the seeds. We can sow the seeds of vegetables according to season.


We can also grow offseason vegetables by making small polyhouse in our rooftop.


The best 20 Vegetables that can be grown in while doing rooftop farming are:-

No. Social Media
1. Tomato
2. Potato
3. Garlic
4. Onion
5. Broccoli
6. Lettuce
7. Peas
8. Radish
9. Carrot
10. Beetroot
11. Broad Beans
12. Cucumber
13. Cabbage
14. Cauliflower
15. Okra
16. Beans
17. Egg plant
18. Turnip
19. Chillies
20. Bell peppers

🔶Step 4:-Irrigation

After sowing seeds, we should lightly irrigate the soil. This will start imbibation for seed germination. We can use sprayers for irrigation.
Too much irrigation shouldn’t be done as there can be drainage problem in rooftop farming.

Once the veggies grow, we should irrigate them time to time. We can also use drip irrigation system to irrigate them.

Note:-It is recommended to irrigate vegetables in evening because in daytime, there is direct sunlight and evaporation is high.

🔶Step 5:-Care And Management

Once plant grows at our home terrace, we should look after them if they are affected by any insects or diseases and we should act accordingly.


We should try to use  organic pesticides as much as possible. We can use insect trap to protect plants. Furthermore, It is better to use nets while doing rooftop gardening.


We should look after pollination as there is less chance of pollination by insects or bees in our rooftop. In this case, we can use a technique of hand pollination for better production

Tip:- We can do 3g Cutting of plants in rooftop which is a technique of increasing female flowers in plant to get maximum production.


🔶Step 6:-Harvesting

Once the plants starts fruiting, you starts receiving fresh vegetables at your own home roof.

You can harvest vegetables all round year by planting in all seasons.

Once the harvesting of veggies is over, then the plant dies. After, That we should take all the potting mixture out of pot and we should add some nutritents for next growing plants.

So, These were the 6 ultimate steps of doing rooftop farming in our own home.


Benefits Of Rooftop Farming

1.We can get fresh veggies at our own home at anytime.

2. It saves our money and time.

3. We become healthy by eating fresh and organic food.

4.Working in rooftop farming gives us physical exercise and mental pleasure.

5.We learn to live with and respect nature.

6. We can use our kitchen waste to make compost instead of throwing.

7.Different waste materials such as plastic bottles which can hamper environment can be reused.

8.It helps to reduce air pollution.

9. We can learn different farming techniques.

10.Rooftop farming helps to use rain water.


Tips For Rooftop Farming

◾Containers should be kept in straight line in between two pillers on roof. This will reduce weight on building.

◾Use of coco peat and perlite reduces the weight of containers. It will make easy to carry containers from one place to other.

◾Large containers shouldn’t be filled full. This is because the roots of veggies doesn’t go deep. Instead we should put empty jars or bottles in base and soil should be filled above them.

Final Verdict

Thus- We can say that, Rooftop Farming has got immense possibility. It has lots of benefits not only to our health but also to our environment.

We recommend you to start farming on your home roof from today. This can help to make city independent on veggies.

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