Types Of Soils: Sandy Soil, Slity Soil, Clay Soil, Loamy Soil Their Characteristics, Benefits And Soil Best Suited For Plants.
Do you know there are different types of soil and each of them have their own unique ability to support the life of plant? If you don’t know about this, Then – We are here to guide you. Soil is formed by the weathering of rocks and minerals. It takes about 1000 years to form 2.5 cm thick soil. The nature of soils differs from each other due to their constituents. Therefore, one type of soil can be best suited to one plant and another type of soil may not be best suited for the same plant.
Plants require the right amount of maintenance and care for it to fully develop. It requires the right temperature, light, water, air, nutrients, time and enough space to grow. And one of the three major factors for it is the nutrients it needs from the soil. And for those people who want to give their plants the necessary nutrients for it to grow successfully or beautifully.
There are various soils that a certain plant needs to have for it to fully achieve healthy growth and development. Some of the types are easily accessible in your lawns, just look for the indicators of a fertile soil. In this article, we will discuss the different types of soil and the qualities of each that are essential for plant growth. For more related discussions, you may visit Garden and Grass for it.
Types of Soil
Soils are classified according to the soil texture and textural properties. Each types of soils have different properties from one another. And it is important to know these to assess the best choice you can use for your garden and plants. There are mainly six types of soils which are explained below with their Characteristics.
1. Sandy Soil
It is a type of soil that is highly made up of sand or large particles of soil. It feels gritty and dries out so fast but it is easy to cultivate. It requires organic amendments to retain moisture for it to host a plant. Nevertheless, the nutrients that can be found in this soil are only few and they can easily be washed away by heavy storms. This type of soil can host a few vegetables like potatoes, carrots, lettuces, etc. Sandy Soil are coarse textured soil with 70 % sand and less than 15 % clay particles by weight. Some characteristics of sandy soil are:-
•Loose and Coarse Textured
•Good Aeration and Drainage
•Easy For Tillage
•Low Water and Nutrient Holdings
•High Infiltration and Percolation
•Prone To Drought Stress
•Prone To Wind Erosion
•Not Sticky, Light Soil
2. Silty Soil
This type of soil is abundant in nutrients. Its texture is soft and soapy as it holds moistures. It is a best choice for your garden if there is a water system or drainage. Using fertilizers or composted organic matter is usually necessary to maintain and improve the draining and structure while also adding nutrients.
It is much easier to cultivate and offers a variety of benefits to the plants when the drainage is properly directed. Almost all of the vegetables and plants are suitable or can thrive in this type of soil.
Silty Soil contains more than 80% silt, less than 12% clay and less than 20% sand.
3. Clay Soil
Unlike other soil, this type of soil is compacted and is poor at draining. It is sticky and lumpy when it is wet and it is like a rock when dried. When spring approaches, the soil warms up and hardens making it hard to cultivate. However, if the drainage is properly placed and is enhanced, the soil will develop the necessary nutrients that are rich that can grow plants.
Clay soil contains at least 40% clay, at most 40% silt and at most 45% sand. Some characteristics of Clay Soil are:-
•Have more pore space, More Surface area
•Have more water holding capacity
•High plasticity and cohesion
4. Loamy Soil
It is a mixture of different geologic materials, specifically sand, silt and clay. It feels fine and damp as it is full of nutrients. It has the ideal characteristics Just like the silty soil, it can be easily cultivated and it can dry up easily during summer. However, it is an acidic soil so it needs to be mixed with organic materials.
With it being fully concentrated of nutrients, it is preferably used as a soil for potted plants or garden plants. Almost all plants can grow within this soil.
There are many subgroups of Loamy Soil which includes, Sandy loam, Sandy Clay loam, Loam, Clay Loam, Silt loam, Silty Clay loam. This types of soils contains 7-27% clay, 28-50% silt, and less than 52% sand. Some characteristics of Loamy Soil are:-
•They are nutrient rich and black in colour
•More nutrient holding capacity
•High plasticity and cohesion
5. Peaty Soil
Just like the loamy soil, this soil is also acidic in nature. However, by the use of different organic matters, it can be a soil where abundance of growth within plants is evident. The downside of it being an acidic soil is that it slows down the process of decomposition that leads to the lack of nutrients of the soil.
If drainage is properly utilized in this soil, it will be great for plants, especially when it is mixed with organic materials. To neutralize or eliminate the acidity of the soil, you may add amendments to regulate the pH level.
6. Chalky Soil
This soil is composed of large grained stones. This soil is sometimes found on chalk and limestones. However, this soil is alkaline that can cause the leaves of a plant to be yellowish or may interfere with the growth of it. It can be resolved by regulating the pH level to the balance level and adding fertilizers for the nutrients. Also by adding hummus, the workability of the soil enhances.
These are the six main types of soil that a person can use for their plants. There are different properties, particularly the characteristics of each, that significantly affects the growth of the plant. For example, chalky soil is alkaline and sometimes it stunts the growth of the plant. Clay soils can compact the roots of the plant when drainage is not properly utilized. And if loamy and peaty soils are not regulated to the correct pH level, it may destroy the plant.
It should be noted that each soil has its own unique property to host a plant. However, it is important to choose the correct one for your plant.
How to know the correct soil?
There is one way of identifying the right soil for your plant. It is through researching and observing. Researching about the plant you have will lead to an answer about what type of soil you should use. And observing the reactions of the plant to the soil makes you qualitatively identify the soil for it.
Furthermore, you should also check the signs of the soil being fertile or healthy. It is said by farmers and gardeners that worms and fungi are some signs that indicate it. Furthermore, the soil that is darker in color also indicates that it is indeed the rightful soil to use.
With the six types of soils enumerated, it is given that they have different qualities that can affect the growth of your plants. From the texture to the abundance of the nutrients, there are soils that have a good texture and plenty of nutrients. On the other hand, there are soils that need to be regulated and maintained first before it can host a plant.
Overall, all it takes is to know how to take care of the soil. The importance of cultivation, fertilizing, and drainage should also be included in the person’s knowledge to properly assess the good soil for the plant. Remember that each of the said soils is unique and should be taken into consideration before using it.