As a gardener, I am always looking for the plant with lots of varieties. With different varieties, I can fill my gardens with different hues of same plant. It forms an interesting rhythm. So – For a gardener like me, I have brought a beautiful plant with lots of varieties i.e Synogium. Before we directly go on Syngonium Varieties, Let’s gather some information about the plant itself.
Syngonium podophyllum is an evergreen tropical plant native to South American rainforests. It is a monocot, belonging to the family Araceae and subfamily Aroideae and is a member of the Caladieae tribe. Syngonium is a flowering plant. “Podophyllum” is a Latin descriptive word meaning “with feet-like” leaves. Syngonium is commonly called Arrowhead plant, Goosefeet, Snowhead plant, African Evergreen, Philodendron, and American Evergreen. Their woody vines grow to heights of between 10 and 20 meters. The shape of their leaves is dependent on their variety and stage of growth. Juvenile leaf forms are less lobed than adult leaf forms. Syngonium can be trained to grow on stakes, walls, or trellis. They will grow well if provided with something to grow on.
They are popular house plants for many reasons. Their beautifully colored foliage and shapes make them excellent for decorating homes and offices. They also have other uses. Syngonium purifies indoor air and absorbs carbon dioxide. They reduce the load of airborne microbes. In some places, they are believed to bring good luck wherever they are planted. The Feng Shin elements of wood, water, fire, earth, and metal are said to be symbolized by the five-lobed shape of its leaves. Syngonium, according to Feng Shin, also lowers anxiety and stress.
Syngonium plants are well suited for indoor environments. Being a low-maintenance plant, Syngonium is easy to care for. It can tolerate low light, most household temperatures, and high humidity. Syngonium plants require moderate-light watering, allowing them to dry out partially between waterings. The watering interval depends on the weather. It should be shorter in the spring and summer and longer during the fall and winter. You can apply fertilizer or organic manure once a month to enhance the growth and health of the Syngonium plant.
Though beautiful with many uses, Syngonium can be toxic to humans and animals. Tearing and burning occur if the juice comes in contact with the eyes. The plant can also cause itching, burning, and blisters on the skin. It can cause swelling and sharp pain in the mucous membranes of the mouth and inflammation of the gastrointestinal mucosa when ingested. Now – Lets move to our main topic, i.e. Syngonium Varieties with name and picture.
There are many Syngonium varieties, differing in attainable size, variegation, and growth pattern. In this article, we will look at twenty varieties of Syngonium podophyllum.
1. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Pink Allusion’
This variety of Syngonium is an arrowhead ivy. It is also commonly referred to as the
pink-veined version of ‘White Butterfly. The slightly rounded leaves of Pink Allusion are green with darker green borders. Pink veins run through all its leaves. Their colors become more intense when they access brighter, indirect light. Pink Allusion is a natural climber. You can provide a pole to help it climb.
Also Read: Syngonium Pink: Plant Care And Propagation
2. Syngonium podophyllum ‘White Butterfly’
Among many Syngonium Varieties, Podophyllum is most common one. This arrowhead vine derives its name from its wings, which look like butterfly wings. This arrowhead vine has green leaves with white veins. The mature leaves are arrow-shaped and green in color with creamy white veins, whereas the new shoots are heart-shaped and mostly white with green edges. As they grow older, the leaves appear unique and varied. The White butterfly can be grown as a hanging plant or given support, which will make it look tied up and dense. The white butterfly may not produce flowers inside. The ‘White Butterfly’ can grow up to a height of 18 to 24 inches.
3. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Mini Pixie’
This is a dwarf arrowhead Syngonium variety. It has the characteristics of the white butterfly but in a miniature form. The vibrant green leaves of Mini Pixie are heart-shaped and pointed on thick green stems. The leaves have white spots in the middle. A Mini Pixie can grow up to a maximum of 3 inches. White Pixie can be grown in containers or balcony gardens that don’t have access to direct sunlight. It can be raised to maturity and provided with a support stick or pruned to have only juvenile leaves.
4. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Albo Variegatum’
Syngonium podophyllum. Albo Variegatum takes its name from the Latin word variegatum meaning ‘diversity of colors.’It has dark green leaves with large patched areas of pure white. Each leaf of the variegatum is beautiful and unique. No two leaves of the variegatum have the same pattern. The variegatum is stunning as a hanging basket plant. It can also be grown into a green wall.
5. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Exotic Allusion’
Syngonium podophyllum ‘Exotic Allusion’ is commonly called arrowhead ivy. It has big leaves that are creamy and splashed with green. It has a bushy appearance.
6. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Green Gold’
This Syngonium variety is named after its foliage. They have deep, dark, green leaves. Yellowish-golden-lined veins are scattered in the middle of its leaves. ‘Green Gold’ is beautiful as a trailing plant. Some house plant lovers consider it more challenging in terms of care to grow Green Gold when compared with other varieties. They grow as creeping plants and can attain a height of 3 to 6 feet long and 1 to 2 feet wide, depending on the shape of the container.
7. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Bold Allusion’
This Syngonium variety belongs to the tetraploid types because they have large platter-shaped leaves that are thick. The leaves of ‘Bold Allusion’ are cream-colored with pink veins running through them. They are ideal for small pots. Their growth rate is usually slower than other arrowheads. They can grow to a height of 10 to 14 inches.
8. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Cream Allusion’
The leaves of ‘Cream Allusion’ are green with a creamy splash. Pink veins run through its leaves. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Cream Allusion’ can reach 3 to 6 inches. They grow as vines.
9. Syngonium angustatum ‘Five Finger’
Syngonium angustatum ‘Five Fingers’ derives its name from the arrangement of its five segments. There are two small segments at the base of the leaf stem. and two medium segments at right angles to a long narrow centrally placed segment. They have solid green leaves with vibrant pink color which diminishes as it matures. They grow up to 12 to 15 inches long and 8 inches wide.
10. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Painted Arrow’
The Painted Arrow is a variegated arrowhead variety. It has splattered cream and green-colored leaves. It can be grown in low to medium light.
11. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Holly’
This Syngonium variety is rare. The heart-shaped leaves of Syngonium ‘Holly’ have a silver-white color with green edges and veins. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Holly’ remains thick and compact. They do not grow as vines but are suckering.
12. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Pink Splash’
This Syngonium variety is fast-growing and charming. The sharp, arrow-shaped leaves of ‘Pink Splash’ have bright pink backgrounds with variegated spots of green. This variety is often confused with ‘Pink Allusion’ which has slightly more rounded leaves. ‘Pink Splash can be grown as a clumping plant or in a hanging basket.
13. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Emerald Gem’
‘Emerald Gem is also known as ‘American Evergreen’ or ‘African Evergreen.’ It has deep emerald green colored leaves with light green veins. The leaves may have a whitish-colored patch. ‘Emerald Gem’ has short leaf stalks with relatively large leaves.Compared to other Syngonium varieties, ‘Emerald Gem’ has better-defined arrowhead shapes as young plants.
14. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Alboneatum’
The leaves of this Syngonium variety have different variations. Their triple-lobed leaves are green with a creamy white color down each segment in the middle. Their young leaves of about 3 x 2 inches later grow to 9 x 9 at maturity.
15. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Maria Allusion’
‘Maria Alluson’ is commonly called Arrowhead Philodendron. Their leaves are dark green with orange undertones, ‘Maria Allusion grows as a long lush.
16. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Trileaf Wonder’
Syngonium podophyllum ‘Trileaf Wonder’ is a rapidly spreading fast grower. Its leaves are wide and paddle-shaped. The leaves are green in color with silver gray veins. ‘Trileaf Wonder’ grows as vines and they can reach a height of 80 centimeters.
17. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Strawberry Cream’
‘Strawberry Cream’ also known as Neon Robusta, has a creamy strawberry color with a soft pink hue. As it matures, its soft pink gets more dominant.
18. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Albovirens’
This variety has leaf veins that have cream or silver parts. They may have leaves that are cream or white with a green margin.
Syngonium podophyllum ‘Albovirens’
19. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Berry Allusion’
The arrowhead leaves of ‘Berry Allusion’are prominently green with a highlighted crimson blush. Pinkish green veins run through the leaves. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Berry Allusion’ usually grows full and lush. It can produce long, colorful vines if you don’t prune them.
Syngonium podophyllum ‘Berry Allusion’
20. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Wendlandii’
This Syngonium variety, commonly called Green Velvet Arrowhead plant, originated in Costa Rica. They are known to be the best Syngonium variety for purifying your indoor air. Its main leaves are green, but white veins are present on the other leaves. Most of the time, as they mature, their leaves will transform from arrow-shaped to three-lobed ones. They can grow up to 5 feet high and 2 feet wide.
Syngonium podophyllum ‘Wendlandii’
From the 20 Syngonium Varieties shared in this article, you can make a choice of the variety to grow depending on the shape, size, color, growth pattern and purpose. Syngonium plants have many uses and are low-maintenance plants. You will need to be careful with your children and animals to avoid the toxic effects of the Syngonium plant.
Author: Tamunoigoni Joshua. She is an Agriculturist, using her skills in production and processing of agricultural products. She lives in Nigeria and loves baking, millinery, sewing and reading in her spare time.