For gardeners like me, who are always seeking the best-looking flowers for their garden flower beds, Chrysanthemum can be the best choice because of its exquisite beauty and a wide variety. Chrysanthemum also known by its another beautiful name, Shevanti is a widely grown flower that has secured the second position in desirability after Rose.
To grow and care Shevanti flower (Chrysanthemum) isn’t a difficult task if we know the right techniques. Unfortunately, Some of the so-called gardeners who try to grow the flowers just to fill their social media profiles are unable to care for them properly because of their insufficient knowledge.
If you wanna grow your Shevanti flower to the fullest then, this ultimate guide is for you. Don’t forget to read till end.
Chrysanthemum (Shevanti) flower is a perennial herb that is grown all around the world for its floral beauty. The name of this flower, Chrysanthemum is derived from two Greek words namely:- “chrysos” meaning golden or yellow and “anthemom” meaning flower. So – It is also known by its another unique but catchy name “Yellow Glory”.
If we talk about the origin and distribution of the Shevanti flower, It is known to be originated from China from where it is then transferred to Asia, Europe and America. The cultivation of the Chrysanthemum flower gains popularity in the 19th century.
One of the main reason for its popularity is, It can be used as both cut flower and loose flower. As a cut flower it used as decorative art and as a loose flower, it is used in garlands and focus flowers in the bouquet.
Thus the flower has gained special respect in Japanese culture as they celebrate Chrysanthemum day on 9th September every year.
Other Names For Chrysanthemum(Shevanti)
Chrysanthemum is known by its wide range of names all around the globe. Some of the most popular names are- Shevanti flower, Autumn Queen, Guldauli, Chamanthi, Mums, Fleur d’Or, Florist’s Chrysanthemum, Flos Chrysantemi, Ju Hua, Matricaria morifolia, Mum, Yao Jiu Ha, Ye Ju Hua.
The reason for calling Chrysanthemum or Shevanti flower “Autumn Queen” is it blooms in autumn while all the other plants are dropping their leaves. This flower is a unique creation of Nature.
Variety in colour is the most demanded thing in every flower. We gardeners love to grow colourful flowers in our garden. For this, we want to choose a flower having a wide range of colour option. For these types of gardeners including me, Chrysanthemum can be a perfect choice as it has good colours. Some colours found in Chrysanthemum or Shevanti are:-
Yellow, Red, Maroon, Pink, Coral Pink, Rosy Purple, Cream, White, Glistening White White With Yellow Center, Bronze, Golden.
With these wide ranges of colours, the Shevanti flower has won the heart of many gardening lovers.
Classification Of Chrysanthemum(Shevanti)
According to the size of the flowers and growing methods of Shevanti or Chrysanthemum, they are classified into two major types which are explained below:-
In Standard type, the main stem bear branch on which a single but large bloom occurs. They are more long and sturdy. They are mainly used as a cut flower in flower arrangement due to their long keeping quality.
Some examples of Standard type Chrysanthemum are:- Snowball, City beauty, Sweet heart, Sun flight.
In Spray type, the main stem bear branch which further generates several smaller branches on which many smaller but large number of flowers blooms. They are of bush type. They are mainly used as a loose flower.
Some examples of Spray type Chrysanthemum are:- Hurricane, Jublilee, Laura, Red star, Arctic.
Now that we have learned about the basic information of Shevanti flower, Let’s move to the main topic on how to grow and care Shevanti (Chrysanthemum) flower.
Growing Of Shevanti (Chrysanthemum)
We can grow Shevanti flower plant in our home by 3 different methods. These methods are explained below:-
In this method, the main stem of Shevanti flower is cut down a little above the ground level. This ends the apical dominance and there occurs the growth of lateral buds. Later, these later buds grow into branches with roots at the base. These branches having roots are called Suckers. The suckers thus formed are separated from the mother plant and are planted directly into the field, flower beds and pots. Suckers should be planted in the rainy season maintaining a distance of (30×30) cm.
The cutting from the tip part of the main stem and side branches of the Chrysanthemum is called terminal cutting. The length of the terminal cutting should be about 5 cm. The cuttings are dipped into the rotting hormone and are planted in beds in semi-shade condition. Later, these terminal cuttings grow into the whole plant and start to bloom.
Growing Shevanti flower from seed takes time and is good to produce new cultivars. Blooms are collected when they dry completely. Then, The seeds are taken out of bloom. Now – the seeds are sown and sprinkle water is applied and after a week seedlings appear from which we can grow a new Chrysanthemum plant.
Care And Management Of Chrysanthemum (Shevanti)
With proper care and management, we can grow our Shevanti flower to its optimum potential. If we lack the knowledge of its proper care and management, the plant may die.
We have mentioned all the necessary conditions to grow Shevanti flower:-
Deep friable sandy loam soil with pH (5.5-6.5) is best to grow Shevanti flower. This flower is very sensitive to water lodging condition. Therefore, there should be made proper provision of drainage whether we grow Chrysanthemum in a flower bed or pot.
Chrysanthemum is a short-day plant. During autumn, the length of days reduces which induces the flowering of this plant. Light directly affects vegetative growth by influencing the number and rate of leaf production, stem length and morphology of leaf.
The photoperiod of about (13-14) hrs is necessary for the good growth and development of the Chrysanthemum flower.
For Chrysanthemum, the best temperature for its normal growth and development is (15-20) °C. In a very hot summer, we should keep it in shade and in a very cold winter we can grow Chrysanthemum inside a greenhouse.
4.Irrigation And Humidity
The frequency of Chrysanthemum depends on the growth stage, soil and weather condition. We should give more water during summer and vegetative growth. The frequency of irrigation should be reduced during the flowering and rainy season. The humidity of (70-90)% is best for Chrysanthemum.
Other major caring practices of Chrysanthemum are:-
Pinching is the process of removal or trimming of the growing tip of the Chrysanthemum which reduces apical dominance and promotes the side branches growth of the flower.
In the Standard type of Chrysanthemum, 3 pinchings are done. First in July, second in August and third in September.
In Spray type of Chrysanthemum, only 2 pinchings are done. The first is after 4 weeks of planting and the second is after 7 weeks of planting.
Disbudding is the process of removal of undesirable buds of flower plant which helps to produce a large number of small flowers or small number of large flower.
In Standard type, Terminal bud is retained and all the axillary buds are removed.
In Spray type, Large apical bud is removed and axillary buds are allowed to grow.
Staking is the method of providing support to growing Chrysanthemum plant. It is done by the help of wires and stakes.
Growing Of Chrysanthemum In Pot
We love to grow our flowers in pot and care them like a pet. For this type of amenity horticulturist, Chrysanthemum (Shevanti) flower is perfect choice as it can be grown easily inside pots with minimum care. We can use both earthern pots or plastic pots according to the choice. Then, we should make pot mixture as follows:-
Pot Mixture For Shevanti flower=
1Part Sand+1Part Leaf Mould+1Part Well Rotten FYM.
We can propagate Chrysanthemum in pot by both seeds and terminal cuttings maintaining the spacing of (10×10) cm.
Uses Of Chrysanthemum (Shevanti)
1.Shevanti is one of the popular flower used in different cultural and religious ceremonies like marriage and worshipping goddess.
2.It is used in flower arrangement while making bouquet.
3.Shevanti flower can be used as a natural insecticide. It acts as a repellent agent for flies, mosquito and beetles.
4.Shevanti flower can be used indoors which help to purify the air.
5.Shevanti flower has many health benefits like, normalisation of blood pressure and sugar level.
Thus, Shevanti or Chrysanthemum can be the best choice for all of us. We should grow this plant in our gardens and homes. We should make it even more popular by recommending different people to grow this flower.
Thus this is whole information on Shevanti (Chrysanthemum):- Flower Growing And Care.
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Jump To Sections
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Other Names For Chrysanthemum(Shevanti)
- 3 Colour Types
- 4 Classification Of Chrysanthemum(Shevanti)
- 5 Growing Of Shevanti (Chrysanthemum)
- 6 Care And Management Of Chrysanthemum (Shevanti)
- 7 Growing Of Chrysanthemum In Pot
- 8 Uses Of Chrysanthemum (Shevanti)
- 9 Final Verdict