Gulmohar Tree: Complete Information, English Name, Care And Uses

Gulmohar Tree

As the summer begins, It brings the tranquillity and beauty of gulmohar tree in all lands from decidious to tropical. Almost all the countries in the world are beautified with this magical tree. Whether it is with magnificent flower beauty, or with its fern like green foliage, Gulmohar has always stood to disseminate the joy, happiness and calmness.

 

Gulmohar Tree

In this article, we have included the complete information on Gulmohar tree along with its proper care and uses.

Introduction

Gulmohar tree is an ornamental plant which is grown especially for its amazing flower beauty though this plant also got beautiful almost evergreen foliage beauty and many medicinal uses.

Gulmohar tree is native to dry deciduous region of Madagascar. This tree was originally discovered by the Botanist named Wensel Boker during the 19th century. During that time, this tree was found abundantly in wild of Madagascar, but later, The population of Gulmohar tree started decreasing rapidly in it original home and it was started to grow in other places. It is wild endagerious but locally it is found abundantly.

Despite of its original home have dry deciduous climate, This tree is now grown abundantly in tropical and subtropical region of North America, Central America, Caribbean, Middle East, Europe and Asia. That means, Gulmohar tree is grown all over the world.

This rapid distribution of Gulmohar tree in different parts of planet earth is due to it ornamental use and good adaptibility. Now – This tree is considered as the most beautiful tree in the world. Gulmohar grows fast to attain the height of around 40-45 ft in its lifespan of about 40 years. The trunk go straight and bears branches which forms umbrella like crown. Sometimes, the diameter of the branches becomes wider than the tree height. With this large canopy, Gulmohar offers shade to those who are seeking for rest during scorching sun of summer.

Despite being semi-decidious, Gulmohar remains evergreen though it drops its leaves in areas with long dry or drought period.

In present situation, Gulmohar is national flower of St. Kitts, Nevis. Gulmohar has also secure it’s position as official tree of Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands. It is also a city tree of Tainan, Taiwan.


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Other Names For Gulmohar

Gulmohar is known by different names all over the world. It gets its name due to different reasons, some of which includes it’s appearance while other are due to its cultural connection and some stories. However, It is known as Delonix regia worldwide. 

Gulmohar Tree
Gulmohar Tree

 

Some of the most commonly used alternative name of Gulmohar tree are:- Flamboyant, Peacock flower tree, Pupil’s tree, Flame of forest, Flame tree.

The reason for calling Gulmohar as Flame Of Forest is due its Spectacular orange-red flowers which somewhat gives the view of Fire colour/Fire in forest. 

It is commonly called as Flamboyant. The literal meaning of Flamboyant is showy or bold in appearance, and So is the Gulmohar tree.

In english, Gulmohar is known as Royal Poinciana. This english name of Gulmohar was given by 

 

Botany Of Gulmohar Tree

Gulmohar tree is scientifically known by Delonix regia. This tree falls under the bean family, Fabaceae. This is same family which includes legumes. As there is no nodulation in gulmohar, this tree is known as non-nodulating legume. The botanical classification of Gulmohar is given below:-

Kingdom:Plantae

Clade:Tracheophytes

Clade:Angiosperms

Clade:Eudicots

Clade:Rosids

Order:Fabales

Family:Fabaceae

Genus:Delonix

Species:D. regia

Under botany, We will learning about the flower, leaves and stem of Gulmohar tree.

Flowers 

The main attraction of Gulmohar are its flowers hued with different chormas which are truely eye appealing and glamorous.

The flower of gulmohar tree contain five different petals, Four being at base and one is large of other four. The four petals are called Scarlet and the large one  is called standard. 

The scarlet are hued with beautiful Orange-Red colour which is most responsible for its Spectacular beauty. The larger one i.e Standard is variegated with yellow and white. During maturity time, the Standard petal also becomes red. The close-up image of gulmohar flower is attached below:-

Gulmohar Flower

 

Note:- Most of the Gulmohar varieties has Orange-Red colour. However, There is a variety called Delonix regia var.flavida, which contains yellow flowers and is rare.

As the flower are colourful, they attract the honey bee. We can see lots of bees during the flowering season. Gulmohar tree usually flowers with the onset of Spring and Summer. 

During this time, the Gulmohar flowers falls on the ground and make the carpet of flower. This type scene can bound any person to stop and enjoy the temporary landscape formed by fallen Gulmohar flowers.

The flowers of gulmohar are Solitary i.e They occur single not in cluster. Flowers of Gulmohar tree are monoecious. That means, It is bisexual tree and cross pollination occurs. Most of the pollination occurs due to the effect of wind. 

Some ask that, Is gulmohar flower edible? The answer is yes, Gulmohar flower is edible. The sweet taste of flower makes the children attracted towards it. 

Fruit/Pod

The fruit of Gulmohar tree is called pod. It contains hard and brown seeds from inside which are widely used in propagation of this plant. The pod is green and flaccid during early age and later they turn into hard, dark brown and woody.

After maturation of Pod, It dehisce into two parts which cause the dispersal of seeds. The seeds inside the pod are small weighing about 0.4 gm and 2 cm in length. After dispersal of seeds, under favourable condition, They grow and form a full Gulmohar tree. However, Most of the seed doesn’t germinate due to the physical dormancy i.e Due to hard outer covering of seed.

Leaves

The leaves of Gulmohar tree are compound leaves also known as double pinnate leaves (Feathery).They look like the leaves of fern with bright light green colour.

The leaves contains primary and secondary leaflets. These leaflets support the cluster of flowers. The leaves of Gulmohar tree closes after evening.

The leaves of Gulmohar remains green no matter which season begins. This makes Gulmohar near evergreen tree.

As Gulmohar tree is decidious, The leaves falls as the autumn starts i.e during November time. However, the fallen of leaves doesn’t make the plant naked as some leaves remain intact. During flowering, whole plant is covered with flowers with less number of leaves.

Stem/Trunk

The stem is single and grows tall very fast attaining the ultimate height of within the period of    The height of Gulmohar tree reaches upto (8-15) meters or (30-40) feet. Similarly, The canopy or Spreadness during maturity is (10-15) meters. That’s why, It gives vase like appearance. The wide spread crown of Gulmohar gives it a shape of letter “T”, which makes it suitable to be used as street tree.

The gulmohar tree grows about five feet per year. This is very fast growth as compared to other ornamental trees. The stem is woody throughout its lifespan.

The roots of the tree are shallow. So – During high speed wind, there is chance of fallen of tree or the breakage of trunk.


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Propagation Of Gulmohar

Most commonly, Gulmohar tree is propagated by two most popular methods i.e From Seeds and From Cuttings.

Seeds

Gulmohar tree grow naturally or by man from the Seed. It is the most commonly practiced method of growing gulmohar. After pollination, there is a formation of Pod/Fruit. At early stage, the pod is green, As it matures the colour changes to brown and it dehisce into two parts releasing hard brown seeds.

The seeds of Gulmohar tree possess Physical dormancy. They have hard hard outer covering. Without the breakage of this outer cover, the germination of Gulmohar is nearly impossible. So- Before sowing seeds, we follow Scarification method to break the dormancy by making it outer covering soft. For this, We can soak the Gulmohar seeds in warm water for 24 hrs OR, we can make small scar in seed with the help of knife. This ensures the entry of Water and Oxygen inside the seeds ultimately resulting in germination.

If grown from seed, Gulmohar tree takes about (5-12) years time to reach upto the flowering potential. The germination time of Gulmohar from seed varies greatly. It can takes from (12-349) days to germinate. If we do the process of breaking the dormancy as mentioned above, germination occurs within (10-12) days otherwise it can take up to 349 days.

Cuttings

Growing Gulmohar tree from cutting is less in practice but it is as effective as growing from seed and posses some advantages. In gulmohar, Semi-hardwood cutting is preferred. That means, cutting should be taken from the current season or previous season branch which was growing in the side of sunlight. The branch should be healthy. The cutting should be about 30 cm in length with (2-3) nodes. While cutting, the cut should be made in slanting position.

After cutting, We can dip the section into the Rooting hormone like Auxin, as it ensures the fast root initiation. After dipping, It can be planted in moist soil. After some days root intiates and leaves appears. 

Propagation of Gulmohar from cutting results in true to type new plant. It is best for yellow flowered Gulmohar tree. The main advantage of growing Gulmohar tree from cutting is, It gives flower faster than that grown from seed.

 

Care And Management

Soil 

Gulmohar tree prefers deep sandy loam soil with proper provision of drainage. Though it can be grown in almost all type of soil, Heavy and clayey soil should be avoided. Soil should have good warmth.

Climate

Gulmohar tree can be grown upto 2000 meters ASL in an area with a mean annual rainfall of 700 mm and temperature of about (14-26)°C. It is the tree of tropics and sub-tropics but can withstand the heat and humid conditions. There is no problem of irrigation as Gulmohar tree is fairly drought and salt tolerant plant.

Site Selection

The place selected for the growing of Gulmohar tree should have enough space as it spread up to 15 meters forming an umbrella like crown. The site should receive enough sunlight and grows weakly, sparsely under shade.

Other Care Works

As the plant spread and grows very fast, we can do regular pruning to give it the proper shape we want. If we allow it to grow and think of controlling it growth at later years, It will become very difficult and ultimately it covers large area. This can be a problem if you are growing Gulmohar tree at home. The tree is resistant to pests however some animals and insects drills holes it is branches which should be controlled otherwise the tree may collapse during stroms.

Bonsai Of Gulmohar Tree

The bonsai of Gulmohar tree looks amazingly beautiful. Bonsai is the miniature form of tree which is grown in a shallow container. If you want to make Bonsai of Gulmohar tree, then it should be subjected to heavy training and pruning. First, the seed should be shown and allowed to grow for one year. After one year, It should be subjected to pruning and training. Limiting the amount of food and regular working on it will result in cool bonsai in few years.

Uses Of Gulmohar

Despite being used as ornamental tree, Gulmohar has lots of other uses which makes it truely a gifted plant. Some of the uses of Gulmohar tree are listed below:-

  • Gulmohar is widely used as a street tree. This tree is pollution tolerant and offers shade. Thus – It increases the longivity of road and offers the aesthetically pleasing view to the people walking and running for their work.

 

  • The oil obtained from the seeds of Gulmohar can be used to produce soaps and shampoos.

 

  • While designing a garden, Gulmohar can be used as Specimen tree that increase the beauty of the garden by multiple fold.

 

  • The sapwood and hardwood of gulmohar can be used as source of fuel.

 

  • The water soluble gum of Gulmohar tree can be used in food and textile industry.

 

  • Gulmohar tree has many medicinal uses. It has antibacterial, antidiabetic, antidiarrhoeal, antifungal, antiinflammatory, antimalarial, antimicrobial, antioxidant, cardio-protective, gastro-protective, hepato-protective and wound healing activity. 

 

  • Different compounds found in Gulmohar tree like flavonoids and triterpenes has analgesic and anti-oxidants properties.

 

  • The liquid obtained from the flower of gulmohar is used to get rid of roundworms.

 

  • Yellow Gulmohar is good for lump, arthritis and sinus.

 

Disadvantages Of Gulmohar Tree

Though Gulmohar is truely a remarkable plant and offers great beauty, it do have some demerits. Here, We have listed the main disadvantages you may face during the growing of Gulmohar tree.

 

  • This tree has shallow roots. That’s why, It is prone to break during high winds and other unfavourable climatic conditions.

 

Gulmohar Tree Disadvantage:- Broken Tree
Fallen Gulmohar Tree

 

  • The wood of gulmohar is prone to insect attack.

 

  • As the tree grows to large size, It occupies a greater space. So – It isn’t recommended to plant this tree in home periphery.

 

  • The leaves of gulmohar falls often, when such large number of leaves falls, It covers whole ground and makes it difficult to walk.

 

FAQs On Gulmohar

1. Does Gulmohar Tree Attracts Birds?

➡️ Yes – During flowering season, Gulmohar tree attracts the birds like Bulbuls, Brown head barbets, Rose – ringes parakeets. It becomes home of birds during the flowering season.


2. Is Gulmohar Good For Home?

➡️ Gulmohar tree is good to plant at home only if you have large garden. Otherwise, It may be problem as this tree covers large areas and falls large number of leaves. Sometimes, Its breakdown due to high wind.


3. How Do You Prune Gulmohar Tree?

➡️As gulmohar grows fast, It is better to prune it annually to give it proper and compact size. You can prune the dead and decayed branches after the end of blooming season. Severe pruning should be avoided.


4. What Is Gulmohar Called In English?

➡️ Gulmohar is called Royal Poinciana in english.


5. Is Gulmohar Tree Native To India?

➡️ No, Gulmohar is native to Madagascar. From there, It is distributed to different parts of the tropical and subtropical world including India.


6. Does Gulmohar Has Fragrance?

➡️ Yes – It has pleasant fragrance.


7. Is Gulmohar Poisonous?

➡️ Yes – If gulmohar leaves are consumed in excessive, it may be poisonous to ruminants as its foliage contains the toxic material called mimosine.


8. What Does Gulmohar Mean?

The literal meaning of Gulmohar is:- Gul means Red and Mohar means tree. That means, Red Tree cause it’s flower are reddish/orange in colour.


Final Verdict

Gulmohar tree, is gift of mother nature to all living beings. Whether with its unique beauty or by its multipurpose uses, Gulmohar has always make the life of every person better. Therefore, It is our duty to protect Gulmohar tree.

Thus – This us whole information on Gulmohar Tree: Complete Information, English Name, Care And Uses.

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