Castration In Farm Animals
Castration is the process of removal of testicles of male animals at young age to prevent the formatting of male hormones and control the unwanted breeding. There are different methods of castration in farm animals. We will learn all about them in this article along with reasons and advantages.
In farm management practices, it is one of the most important task to be done by farm manager in order to get maximum production from the animals. This, ensures the profitability and stability of the farm. Many people have a question, Does castration hurt animals. The answer is Yes – it hurts the animals to some extent. However, As they are ruminants, they are able to tolerate that pain.
The person who will be performing the different methods of castration in farm animals must have good knowledge and experience to avoid the mistake, loss from the mistake and do the task with minimum discomfort to the animal.
Reasons Of Castration In Animals
Castration isn’t done for fun! Is it? Of course not. There are very scientific reason behind doing it. Some of the major reasons are listed below:-
➡️To control unwanted breeding
➡️To make male animals more docile and less vicious
➡️To get more and superior quality meat
➡️To get more animals which will be of preference in market
Time And Age Of Animal
Methods of castration in farm animals may differ according to the age of the animal. It should be done at early age preferably within a month of birth. This helps to heals faster causing less wound to animal. If we talk about the time, it can be done at any time of sunny day, more preferably at noon and it should be avoided on very cold and rainy day.
Methods Of Castration In Farm Animals
There are several methods of castration that are being followed all over the world. Widely, There are 2 methods of castration in farm animals which are discussed below:-
A .Emasculation Method
B. Rubber Band Method
2.Incision Method/Blood Method
Some of the equipments needed for all these methods are listed below:-
1. Burdizzo Castrator
2. Tight Rubber Band
3. Castration Knife With Double
4. Surgical Spirit
5.Tincture Of Iodine
6.Sulphanelamide Powder Mixed With Iodoform
1. Emasculation Method
This is one the most common method of castration in farm animals. Emasculation means removal of masculinity i.e maleness. To perform this method, we will need Burdizzo Castrator and Tincture Of Iodine. The steps of this process are as follows:-
•Step 1: First of all, the animal to be castrated is casted on ground with the help of ropes and secure at that position.
•Step 2: Manipulate the testes and slightly pull out the testes with hand
•Step 3: Now – Find the spermatic cord and hold it tightly from the both sides with fingers in such a way that it doesn’t slip.
•Step 4: Locate the position of spermatic cord above testes to be crushed. Apply tincture of iodine at the location to be crushed.
•Step 5: Now – Take Burdizzo Castrator with clean, sterilized and smooth jaw, place it over the location of spermatic cord to be crushed and press quickly.
•Step 6: The same process is repeated 1/2cm below the first crush in same spermatic cord.
The same process is repeated for another spermatic cord. Take a look after the castrated animal for few days, so that any infection can be detected quickly.
Thus – In this way, An animal is castrated by emasculation Method. After pressing the spermatic cord, the flow of semen stops and male animal becomes sterile.
2.Rubber Band Method
This is also a bloodless method of Castration In Farm Animals. For this method, we will be in need of specially designed tight rubber band. The steps of this process are:-
•Step 1: First of all, the animal is casted on ground with the help of ropes and secure at that position.
•Step 2: Select a tight rubber band which will be used for castration.
•Step 3: Now – Place the tight rubber band on spermatic cord of both sides above testes.
•Step 4: The constant pressure exerted by the tight rubber band stops the blood supply to the testes.
In absence of blood supply, the testes get dissolved and absorbed. Finally – Rubber band slips off and falls on the ground.
Thus – Without testes there will be no production of male hormone and semen which makes the animal sterile. In this way, an animal is castrated by rubber band method.
For this method, we will require, Spirit Soaked Cotton, Acriflavin Solution, Castration Knife With Double Blade, Tincture Of Iodine, Sulphanelamide Powder Mixed With Iodoform. The steps are as follows:-
Step 1: First of all, the animal to be castrated is casted on ground with the help of ropes and secure at that position.
Step 2: Clean the hands, surgical blade and sterilize the both with spirit soaked cotton.
Step 3: Wash the scrotum of the male animal with Acriflavin Solution.
Step 4: Now – With the help of sterilized surgical blade, make a incision at lower side of scrotum and allow the proper drainage of blood.
Step 5: Then – Remove the testes of the animal by pulling them out along with spermatic cord by the help of clean and sterilized hands.
Step 6: Now – Apply tincture of iodine at the site of cut thoroughly.
Step 7: Apply Sulphanelamide Powder Mixed With Iodoform.
Thus – By removing testes and spermatic cord, animal is made sterile by incision method.
Here – We have listed precautions for all the above mentioned three different methods of castration in farm animals.
➡️Burdizzo Castrator should be clean and sterilized.
➡️ During Emasculation Method, Don’t crush testes or scrotum fold.
➡️Incision method should be strictly avoided during rainy weather.
➡️Iodoform should be used after Incision method to keep the flies away which ultimately prevents the possible infection.
➡️After the procedure, provide clean and soft beded pen with ample space.
➡️Keep the animal in close observation for few days after the operation.
Advantages/Importance Of Castration In Farm Animals
➡️Male animals which are vicious can be made docile. This helps in easy care and management of animal.
➡️Male and female animal can be kept in same pen.
➡️Uncontrolled breeding is effectively controlled.
➡️The weight of the animal increase with highest quality meat.
➡️The skin of animal becomes soft, smooth and attractive.
➡️We can get good money of tha animal in market.
Thus- This is one of the most important task to be done. It has lots of benefits. We should care the animal after castration.
This is whole information on Methods Of Castration In Farm Animals.