Chilli farming-Process, Benefits And Earnings

Chilli Farming

☑️Chilli is one of popular spice which fits in many of our dishes. We all have seen it and some of us want to do chilli farming.
Starting chilli farming is not a big deal but the continuity and management is main thing.
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Chilli Farming
So, In this blog we have provided detailed information on chilli farming.

    Introduction

    ☑️Chilli farming can be understood as the commercial production of chillies in a large area in order to earn some money.
    Many people are involved in chilli farming and are doing very well in this field.
    Chillie are used in vegetables, spices, pickles and in many other items.
    It has high demand in market and we can do good for chilli farming if we know the right process and technique to do it.

    Selection Of Variety

    Variety selection is most important decision in doing any farming. In chilles also, variety plays important role because our entire production depends on variety we plant.
    Selected variety should be of good quality and certified from government. You can also buy from nursery. 
    Some good varieties of chillies for farming are:-
    ✔️Jwala
    ✔️Kanthari
    ✔️Bhagya Lakshmi
    ✔️KI
    ✔️PLR 1
    ✔️Pant C 1

    Soil 

    We can cultivate chillies in any type of soil considering that there is good drainage.
    But, it is advantageous to choose sandy soil.
    The pH of soil should be about (6-6.5) i.e. slightly acidic condition is good for chilli farming.

    Land Preparation

    It is good to select plain land. We should add compost on land for better production. 
    Ploughing of land should be done. Tillage of land should be done for about 3 times.
    We can make raised beds for chilli farming. 
    Raised bed helps in good drainage system and management also becomes easy.
    We can use mulching plastic(30 micron) to control weeds in raised beds.
    Animal manure should be applied during tillage for the reclamation of the land.

    Time Of Plantation 

    We can plant chillies in all months i.e. from January to December.
    During rainy season, irrigation should be controlled and managed carefully.
    During hot summers, it is better to do chilli farming under shadding structure.
    It is better to do plantation in evening and when there sees chance of rainfall because it maintains turgidity of plant cell due to moisture availability.

    Planting Distance And Planting Area

    We should maintain certain plant-plant and Row-Row distance. The numeric values of distance are:-
    ⛊Row-Row distance=(45-60)cm
    ⛊Plant-Plant distance=30cm
    ✔️So, the planting distance is (50×30)
    Planting area for chillies depend upon the varieties.
     But, On average we can plant up to (12000-14000) plants in an area of 1 acre.
    Density of plant shouldn’t be made high cause there is no air flow and plants suffer from different diseases.

    Irrigation

    Irrigation is moderately needed for chillies. We can install drip irrigation system. 
    It is easy to give fertilizers by the means of fertigation in drip irrigation system.
    It is better to irrigate chillies in evening because there is direct sunlight and high evaporation at daytime.

    Fertilizers

    We should be Primary nutrients(N,P,K) at first and Secondary nutrients(Ca,Mg, S) and then micro-nutrients.
    We can also use organic fertilizers like animal manure and vermicomopost.
    The numeric value of fertilizers to be used for chilli farming are:-
    ♦️Nitrogen-(100-120)Kg/hector
    ♦️Phosphorous-(40-50)Kg/hector
    ♦️Potassium-(30-40)Kg/hector
    Half of these fertilizers doses should be applied before plantation and remaining half dose of fertilizers should be applied after 45 days on standing crops.
    ♦️Animal Manure=(25-30)Ton/hector
    Later, we should give insecticides. Insecticides should be given in proper amount. 
    We should spray little amount of insecticides for young age plant.

    Marketing

    We can get market of chillies all round year. We can sell both green and red chillies.
    The price of chillies fluctuates according to different seasons. We can earn good profit from chilli farming.

    Care And Management

    Weeds management is main task in chilli farming. After irrigation, weeding should be done and little amount of soil should be deposited at root zone of plant.
    This will increase root aeration and plant will grow well. We can also use weedicides to kill weeds.
    This is all about chilli farming. Now, let’s learn about the benefits of chillies.

    Nutritive Value Of Chillies

    ✓Vitamin A
    ✓Vitamin C
    ✓Vitamin E
    ✓Vitamin K
    ✓Iron
    ✓Potassium Copper

    Health Benefits Of Chillies

    1.It helps to cure cold.
    2.Eating chillies helps to improve eyesight.
    3.Chilli contains lots of vitamin-C which helps our body to fight against infections.
    4.It helps to reduce high blood pressure.
    5.Chillies helps in the formation of RBCs.

    So, we can conclude that chilli farming can be good decision for farming ideas.
    If you have any suggestions, do let us know in comments below.
    THANK YOU FOR VISITING US😊!!!

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